A contract may or may not be written, although a written contract is clearer and much easier to implement than an oral contract, because a written document facilitates proof of the existence of a contract. It is not necessary to characterize it as a contract if it is clear that both parties intend to have a formal document and that it is a reflection. It can be extremely simple as long as the intent is clear. (For $500.00, Fred Smith will paint the exterior of John Jones` barn with all the coverings, window wings, doors and window and door frames and edges with two red varnishes.) But even in international situations, the CEECs are not binding. They are seen as a kind of soft law, which means they are weaker (less applicable) than traditional “hard” laws, but always provide evidence of the intention of both parties to abide by an agreement. Flexible laws such as the CEECs offer an attractive possibility of cooperation instead of binding treaties that can have serious international consequences if violated. Since it is not a legal document and is generally not about money or other exchanges, a Memorandum of Understanding leaves a little more leeway than a treaty. On the other hand, the more concrete you can be, the better, for a number of reasons: the declaration of intent defines a “general area of understanding” within the authorities of both parties and no transfer of funds for services is expected. MOUs often give common goals and nothing more. Therefore, CEECs do not think about money transfers and should normally contain a language that says something similar: “This is not a funded document; By signing this agreement, the parties are not required to take action or fund an initiative. An agreement can be used to trace the operation of a program so that it works in a certain way. For example, two agencies with similar objectives may agree to cooperate to solve a problem or support the activities of the other through the use of an agreement.
The agreement is nothing more than a formalized handshake. CEECs communicate mutually accepted expectations of the individuals, organizations or governments involved. They are most often used in international relations because, unlike treaties, they can be established relatively quickly and in secret.