In Australia, privacy and loyalty titles (also known as confidentiality or confidentiality documents) are often used in Australia. These documents are generally used for the same purpose and contain provisions similar to other local provisions that are akin to undisclosed agreements (NOAs). However, these documents are treated legally as deeds and are therefore binding without consideration, unlike contracts. Whether or not you have an NDA, you can take legal action against the theft of your trade secrets, known as embezzlement, under state laws. Misappropriation is the acquisition or disclosure of trade secrets through inappropriate means, including theft, corruption and fraud. For example, when it comes to documents relating to the key case, the Court finds that the “general exclusion” of access to these documents, which is made possible by “only external” mechanisms, is not consistent with the right to a fair trial under Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights and the principles of natural justice. Such regulation is also inconsistent with the requirement for lawyers to share with their clients all relevant information they are aware of. If key documents were to be restricted “only to the outsiders,” the other party would not be able to discuss the relevant documents with its legal representative, visit parts of the hearing and see all the reasons for the judgment. Where the protection of confidential information is requested in comparable licenses, the existence of privacy interests generally requires a particular justification.  The Court considers that the SEP holder`s FRAND business is transparent to interested parties with respect to the terms of licence.  In addition, knowledge of the licensing conditions already accepted in the market can help potential takers effectively exercise their rights in infringement proceedings.  Given the non-discriminatory element of the MS holder`s frand obligation, the Court is not directly aware of the interest that MS holders may have in the confidentiality of the terms agreed in the existing licensing agreements.  In fact, several licensing pools (z.B.MPEG) publish their licensing agreements online. A Confidentiality Agreement (NDA), also known as a Confidentiality Agreement (CA), Confidentiality Agreement (CDA), Intellectual Property Information Agreement (PIA) or Confidentiality Agreement (SA), is a legal contract or part of a contract between at least two parties, which describes confidential information that the parties wish to share for specific purposes but which wish to restrict access. Physician-patient confidentiality (doctor-patient privilege-privilege), solicitor-client privilege, priestly privilege, bank client confidentiality and kickback agreements are examples of NDAs that are often not enshrined in a written contract between the parties. A bilateral NOA (sometimes referred to as bilateral NOA or bilateral NOA) consists of two parties for which both parties expect to be disclosed information to protect them from further disclosure.